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The Delhi Sultanate (دلی سلطنت), or Sulthanath-e-Hind (سلطنتِ ہند) / Sulthanath-e-Dilli (سلطنتِ دلی) refers to the various Muslim dynasties that ruled in India from 1210 to 1526.
Muslim Delhi was a culturally lively…, >Delhi, but the governor, Dawlat Khan Lodī, resented Ibrāhīm’s attempts to diminish his authority. State revenues remained based on successful agriculture, which induced Sultan Muhammad bin Tughluq (1325-51) to have village wells dug, offer seed to the peasants and to encourage cash crops like sugar cane (Braudel 1984, 96f, 512ff).

Muḥammad ibn Tughluq (reigned 1325–51) attempted to set up a Muslim military, administrative, and cultural elite in the Deccan, with a second capital at Daulatabad, but the Deccan Muslim aristocracy threw off the overlordship of Delhi and set up (1347) the Bahmanī sultanate. Effectively, the Sultanate was replaced by the Moghul Empire in 1526 although there was a brief revival under the Suri Sultans. The Delhi Sultanate is the only Sultanate to stake a claim to possessing one of the few female rulers in India, Razia Sultan (1236-1240). The Afghan Lodhi sultans left their mark on the capital through an architectural legacy but they could not sustain power. The Delhi Sultanate was a kingdom in India that existed between 1206 and 1526. The Sultans of Delhi enjoyed cordial, if superficial, relations with other Muslim rulers in the Near East but owed them no allegiance. A coin from the period of Muhammad ibn Tughluq (reigned 1325–51). The Sultanate ushered in a period of Indian cultural renaissance.

Its creation owed much to the campaigns of Muʿizz al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Sām (Muḥammad of Ghūr; brother of Sultan Ghiyāth al-Dīn of Ghūr) and his lieutenant Quṭb al-Dīn Aibak between 1175 and 1206 and particularly to victories at the battles of Taraōrī in 1192 and Chandawar in 1194. His forces also defeated serious Mongol onslaughts by the Chagatais of Transoxania (1297–1306). The Princess Raziah Sultanah was very popular and more intelligent than her Brothers.

They belonged to three related but three different families, those of the founder of Qutub-ud-din Aibak, Iltutmish, and Ghiyas-ud-din Balban… more, The Khalji Dynasty ruled for 30 years, from 1290 to 1320. Perhaps the greatest contribution of the Sultanate was its temporary success in insulating the subcontinent from the potential devastation of the Mongol invasion from Central Asia in the thirteenth century. There were four Sultans in the period of 37 years. Their main achievement was the consolidation of the Muslim presence in Kashmir. She is notable for being the first female Muslim ruler of the Indian Subcontinent. The Sultanate was ruled by five dynasties during the 320 years reign. After 15 years of Mughal rule, the Afghan Shēr Shah of Sūr reestablished the sultanate in Delhi, which fell again in 1555 to Bābur’s son and successor, Humāyūn, who died in January 1556. Under the sultans of the Khaljī dynasty (1290–1320), the Delhi sultanate became an imperial power. In 1540, Sher Shah defeated the Moghuls at the battle of Chausa, and re-established the independent Delhi Sultanate until 1555 when Delhi was again conquered by the Moghuls. During the Moghul period in India, Hindus, relations between Hindus and Muslims were generally good although there were times when Hindu sacred sites were desecrated and Hindus were persecuted. Based in Delhi, the territory of the Delhi Sultanate was mainly confined to the northern part of India, though at its peak, it was in control of much of the Indian subcontinent. The power of the Delhi sultanate in north India was shattered by the invasion (1398–99) of Turkic conqueror Timur (Tamerlane), who sacked Delhi itself. The second Tughlaq Sultan moved the capital from Delhi to Daulatabad, which proved very unpopular and was subsequently reversed. This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3.0 License (CC-by-sa), which may be used and disseminated with proper attribution. ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn (reigned 1296–1316) conquered Gujarat (c. 1297) and the principal fortified places in Rajasthan (1301–12) and reduced to vassalage the principal Hindu kingdoms of southern India (1307–12). Yet…. Several Turkic and Pashtun dynasties ruled from Delhi: the Slave dynasty (1206-90), the Khilji dynasty (1290-1320), the Tughlaq dynasty (1320-1413), the Sayyid dynasty (1414-51), and the Lodi dynasty (1451-1526). Though the Lodi Dynasty lasted three-quarters of a century, only three Sultans occupied the Delhi Sultanate throne… more. Over the course of its history, the Delhi Sultanate was ruled by five different dynasties – the Mamluk Dynasty, the Khalji … The Khilji or Khalji dynasty, who had established themselves as rulers of Bengal in the time of Muhammad Ghori, took control of the empire in a coup which eliminated the last of the Mamluks.

The dynasty produced six sultans, including Ala-ud-din Khalji, one of the greatest rulers in Indian history… more, The Tughlaq Dynasty ruled the Delhi Sultanate for 94 years, from 1320 to 1414. After the sack of Delhi in 1398 during Timur's invasion of India, law and order broke down and the dynasty could not sustain its rule. The Khiljis conquered Gujarat and Malwa, and sent the first expeditions south of the Narmada River, as far south as Tamil Nadu. Nobles were gathered around Delhi and they were a threat to the Sultanate and more powerful nobles like Taj-al-Din Yildiz and Nasir-ud-Din Qabacha were jealous of Iltutmish as they were the slave of Ghauri and Iltutmish was the slave of Aibak. Between Babur's defeat of Ibrahim Lodi in 1526 and 1540, the Moghul's ruled Delhi. Qutb ud din Mubarak Shah, the ladt ruler of this dynasty, was murdered by one of his courtiers, Khusraw Khan in 1320. In 1414, the power vacuum created by Timur's invasion was filled by the first Sayyid Sultan.
The Ghūrids, who inhabited the region between Ghazna and Herāt, rose rapidly in power during the last half of the…, To the east the Delhi Sultanate of Turkic slave-soldiers withstood Mongol pressure, benefited from the presence of scholars and administrators fleeing Mongol destruction, and gradually began to extend Muslim control south into India, a feat that was virtually accomplished under Muḥammad ibn Tughluq. Until the end of the 12th century, it was Prit…

The Sultanate provided the foundation for the Moghul Empire, which continued to expand its territory. During the last quarter of the twelfth century, Muhammad of Ghor invaded the Indo-Gangetic plain, conquering in succession Ghazni, Multan, Sindh, Lahore, and Delhi. New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article Omissions? Iltutmish (1210-35) and Balban (1266-87) were among the dynasty's most well-known rulers. The Sultans based their laws on the Qur'an and the sharia and permitted non-Muslim subjects to practice their religion only if they paid jizya or head tax. Yet to a considerable degree, Indian Islam meshed in with the land and the culture of India, creating a pluralist society. It trailed the Khalji Dynasty, which lasted a mere 30 years… more, The Lodi Dynasty ruled the Delhi Sultanate for 75 years, from 1451 to 1526. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The Sultans ruled from urban centers—while military camps and trading posts provided the nuclei for towns that sprang up in the countryside. A regional governor, and a member of his own family, actually invited Babur, who became the first Emperor to assume power. The third and last Lodhi Sultan, Ibrahim Lodi was both weak and corrupt, more interested in living the lifestyle of a Sultan than in governing or protecting his empire. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Quṭb Mīnār, a minaret in Delhi; construction started in 1199 by Quṭb al-Dīn Aibak and was completed by his successor, Iltutmish.

The Delhi Sultanate was a kingdom in India that existed between 1206 and 1526. Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. At the Second Battle of Panipat (November 5, 1556), Humāyūn’s son Akbar definitively defeated the Hindu general Hemu, and the sultanate became submerged in the Mughal Empire. The Delhi Sultanate was a major Muslim sultanate from the 13th to the 16th century in India.

The Delhi sultanate made no break with the political traditions of the later Hindu period—namely, that rulers sought paramountcy rather than sovereignty. in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. The Sultans of Delhi enjoyed cordial, if superficial, relations with other Muslim rulers in the Near East but owed them no allegiance. Ibrahim Lodi, the last sultan of the Delhi Sultanate, was killed on Saturday, 21st April 1526… more, The Slave Dynasty ruled for 84 years, from 1206 to 1290. The decline of the Ghaznavids after 1100 was accentuated by the sack of Ghazna by the rival Shansabānīs of Ghūr in 1150–51. After Iltutmish’s death, a decade of factional struggle was followed by nearly 40 years of stability under Ghiyāth al-Dīn Balban, sultan in 1266–87. The Delhi Sultanate rule continued to extend into southern India, first by the Delhi Sultans, then by the breakaway Bahmani Sultanate of Gulbarga, and, after the breakup of the Bahmani s… She was the very first Queen of the Muslim World in the early muslim history of sub-continent. To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats.The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here: The history of this article since it was imported to New World Encyclopedia: Note: Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed. The Delhi Sultanate was a Muslim sultanate that was existed between the 13th and 16th centuries. The Dynasty’s rule was the second-shortest at 37 years.

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