Born into a Jewish family, he changed his name to Ashley Montagu early on in order to be accepted in academic circles.
Wells. "Race and Kindred Delusions,", Montagu, Ashley. He could adduce evidence on behalf of the biosocial nature of man (Montagu 1956), while at the same time showing the virtually limitless capacity of education and culture to shape that very nature (Montagu 1962).
This theory, as set forth in an article co-authored with the geneticist Theodosius Dobzhansky (1947), subsequently became generally accepted by anthropologists. He died on November 26, 1999 in …
He was a man of fascinating complexity, perhaps the last great general anthropological scholar, a tireless fighter for the best (and a victim of the worst) of what academics and the human sciences have to offer, and certainly the most quotable anthropologist of all time.
Montagu was also asked to draw up the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organizations (UNESCO) Statement on Race (1951). His interests gradually centered on the manifestations and human significance of love, the underlying focus much of his later work. First published in 1937. ", Montagu, Ashley.
by Ashley Montagu £28.49 This volume brings together all the evidence bearing upon the procreative beliefs of the Australian Aborigines and subjects it to a scientific examination in the light of biological, social and psychological research. (Montagu 1962). He was expounding those very ideas at an earlier time, when they were far from accepted, and indeed brutally violated (Montagu 1939, 1941a).
Finally, however, his own outspoken character led him to be rejected by the academic world, and he turned to popular writing and speaking. This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3.0 License (CC-by-sa), which may be used and disseminated with proper attribution.
Montagu is best known for his argument that aggression is not a natural human drive and for having discredited “race” as a specious and dangerous concept in the social sciences. A brilliant scientist and articulate social critic, Montagu's vision was of humankind as a single family, diversified in virtually unlimited ways through educational and cultural experiences.
Two appropriate quotes from Ashley Montagu are self-explanatory in this context: "The cultured man is an artist, an artist in humanity" and "Human beings are the only creatures who are able to behave irrationally in the name of reason" (Montagu 1942).
A world-renowned specialist in anthropology, Ashley Montagu, by transforming himself into integrator and interpreter of all sciences, also became one of the most significant generalists of the twentieth century.
Montagu emphasized social cooperation and love (Montagu 1953a; 1974) as critical selectional factors in evolution, ideas that considerably predated the sociobiological preoccupation with altruism (in the new inclusive fitness sense) in the late 1970s. "The Socio-biology of Man.
Ashley Montagu died in Princeton, New Jersey on November 26, 1999. In addition to his scientific prowess, Ashley Montagu was a dedicated and articulate social critic, concerned with bringing the findings of the social and biologicalsciences to bear upon the betterment of man's lot, while subjecting some of those very findings to critical social scrutiny. The Natural Superiority of Women book.
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