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The Supreme Court last week rejected the administration’s stated reason for adding a question on citizenship to the census, and while the decision was not a conclusive ruling, the justices placed a daunting hurdle before the government.

Claim: "If Barack Obama was able to remove the Citizenship Question from the Census in 2010 without Supreme Court approval Why does President Trump need their approval to put it back on?" Recently there has been fierce debate about adding a citizenship question to the upcoming 2020 Census here in the United States.

The addition of a citizenship question to the census could have had profound implications for American politics. “My focus, and that of the Bureau and the entire Department is to conduct a complete and accurate census.”, Dale Ho, director of the Voting Rights Project at the American Civil Liberties Union, which was among the plaintiffs trying to block the question, praised the outcome, saying the Supreme Court left the administration with “no choice but to proceed with printing the 2020 census forms without a citizenship question.”, As drafted by the administration, the census would have asked: “Is this person a citizen of the United States?” Options were to include: “Yes, born in the United States”; “Yes, born in Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, or Northern Marianas”; “Yes, born abroad of U.S. citizen parent or parents”; “Yes, U.S. citizen by naturalization”; or “No, not a U.S. citizen.”. It began being fully implemented in 2005. In a January 2018 memo, an initial evaluation by Census Bureau officials advised against such a question, saying that compiling citizenship data from existing administrative records is more accurate and far less expensive. “Now is the time to shift gears and begin robust education and outreach campaigns to ensure each person in this country is counted,” said Letitia James, the attorney general of New York, which was also among the plaintiffs suing to block the question. from a deceased Republican political strategist. Officials at the Census Bureau itself have said that including the question would lead to an undercount of noncitizens and minority residents. The citizenship question was on every census between 1890 and 1950, but has not been on the standard census form since then.

But the Census Bureau is continuing to send surveys that ask about citizenship status. The American Civil Liberties Union, which challenged the policy on behalf of a coalition of organizations, said the law mandates that every person counted in the census is represented in Congress. The Supreme Court ruled 5-4 last year barring the Trump administration from adding a question to the census about respondents' citizenship. He reiterated his unwillingness to give up in a Twitter message posted late Tuesday, saying he had asked administration officials “to do whatever is necessary” to get a citizenship question on the census form. “No matter what happens, there’s still a lingering hardship from how long the administration had this hanging out there, and the publicity it got,” he said. The department, which oversees the Census Bureau, had argued that the Justice Department needed a more accurate count of citizens to enforce the 1965 Voting Rights Act, but three lower courts ruled that that was an obvious pretext for some other unstated goal. The Supreme Court said Friday that it will review President Donald Trump's effort to exclude immigrants in the country illegally from the census count used to calculate how House seats are apportioned among the states. The public controversy over the issue has already stirred fears of retribution among many immigrants, who say they will avoid filling out the census form even if the question is not asked.

Courts have permanently blocked the Trump administration from adding a citizenship question to the 2020 census. “Everyone counts, therefore everyone must be counted.”, 2020 Census Won’t Have Citizenship Question as Trump Administration Drops Effort.

It sounds like a small change.

The email offered no explanation, but the administration was confronting weeks or months of additional legal challenges to the question. The citizenship question is included in the list of census questions that the Census Bureau sent to Congress this week. [How is the census conducted?

Just last week after the Supreme Court’s decision, President Trump said he was asking his lawyers to delay the census, “no matter how long,” in order to fight for the question in court. WASHINGTON — The Trump administration, in a dramatic about-face, abandoned its quest on Tuesday to add a citizenship question to the 2020 census, a week after being blocked by the Supreme Court.

Word of the administration’s decision to stop fighting came in a one-sentence email from the Justice Department to lawyers for plaintiffs in a New York lawsuit that sought to block the question’s inclusion in the head count. Much noise has been made about reinstating a citizenship question on the 2020 census, the subject of Tuesday’s Supreme Court arguments.
The department’s explanation was further undermined last month after plaintiffs uncovered computer files from a deceased Republican political strategist, Thomas B. Hofeller, who had first urged the incoming Trump administration in 2016 to consider adding the question to the next census. The Supreme Court rejected his attempt last year and should do so again," Dale Ho, director of the ACLU's Voting Rights Project, said in a statement Friday evening. That shift would disadvantage states with populous urban areas that tend to vote Democratic and benefit Republicans. The decision was a victory for critics who said the question was part of an administration effort to skew the census results in favor of Republicans.

As a result, areas with more immigrants, which tend to vote Democratic, could have lost both representation and federal funding.

The answer might surprise you!

It was also a remarkable retreat for an administration that typically digs into such fights. The files included a study in which Mr. Hofeller concluded that a citizenship question was central to a strategy to increase Republican political power by excluding noncitizens and persons under voting age from the census figures used for drawing new political boundaries in 2021. Trump's Supreme Court nominee, Amy Coney Barrett, could be on the bench by that time, tipping the composition of the court 6-3 to justices who tend to vote conservatively. The Census Bureau had included a citizenship question until 1950 when it was removed, though it continued to include a question asking about place of birth. Here’s a Short History of Collecting Citizenship and Immigration Information via the US Census. Supreme Court To Hear Case On Memo About Census, ... a lead plaintiffs' attorney with the American Civil Liberties Union who successfully argued against the now-blocked citizenship question …
Census results are used to divvy up seats in the House of Representatives and to draw political maps at all levels of government. The administration this summer announced that it would exclude immigrants in the country illegally from the apportionment of congressional seats and funding. ", Like us on Facebook to see similar stories, Hundreds gather for Women's March to protest Trump, Barrett nomination, Where to find good, cheap pasta in every state, Supreme Court to Review Trump’s Effort to Exclude Immigrants From Census Count. Thomas A. Saenz, the organization’s president and general counsel, said his group wanted to make sure there was not any misinformation spread about there still being a citizenship question. Meanwhile, the Census Bureau had said it needed to begin printing questionnaires by July 1 to meet the April 2020 deadline for conducting the census.

The objections to the citizenship question … On Tuesday, the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund, which represents plaintiffs in that suit, indicated that it was unwilling to end the lawsuit without further assurances from the administration that the issue of the citizenship question had in fact been fully resolved. It asks many of the same questions …

We ask questions about a person’s place of birth, citizenship, and year of entry into the United States to create data about citizens, noncitizens, and the foreign-born population.

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